NORTHERN PECAN (Carya illinoensis)

As with most nut trees, pecans produce their heaviest crops when several varieties are planted together. All of our selections will perform well in the Ohio Valley. More northern localities should try the cultivars listed under far northern pecans. All of the following varieties have very good scab resistance, except for Pawnee which has medium resistance. Trees reach heights of 50-’70’ and can be planted on 25-30′ centers and eventually thinned to 50-60′ apart. First harvest in 3-6 years. To insure pollination, plant at least one protandrous (Type 1, early pollen shed) and one protogynous  (Type 2, late pollen shed) variety in each planting.

Small (2′-3′): $45.00
Medium (3′-4′): $50.00
Large (4′-5′): $60.00
Extra Large (5′-6′): $70.00
6′-7′: $80.00
7′-8′: $90.00
8′-10′: $120.00

KANZA This new release from the USDA pecan breeding program is a cross between Major and Shoshoni. Nuts are large (69/lb.) and 54% kernel, mature early and crack out very high quality kernels. Selected for high productivity, disease resistance, cold tolerance, and annual bearing. Kanza comes into production early. Type 2.

  The Greenriver pecan originated in Henderson County, Kentucky, in the same river delta pecan forest where the Major was found. At approximately 60-70 nuts per lb., Greenriver is a medium to large sized northern cultivar, bearing high-quality, thin-shelled nuts that easily crack out whole halves.  Greenriver requires about  185 days to mature, probably will not go quite as far north as most of the other northern cultivars. Type 2.

HARK New. Very early maturing variety that originates in northern Illinois. A probable Major seedling with a similar round, thin-shelled nut. A very vigorous grower with excellent scab resistance and a very good production: 56% kernel – 60 nuts/1LB. Type 1.

LAKOTA Released by the USDA in 2007. Lakota is a heavy producer of light-colored, high-quality kernels (57% kernel, 66 nuts/LB) that mature in about 170 days. Bred for fast production, excellent scab resistance, and proper limb structure, Lakota is a good cultivar for the far northern pecan range. Type 2.

MAJOR The original Major pecan grew on the delta of the Green River at the Ohio River, near Henderson, Kentucky. There are many impressive features of the Major pecan, particularly its heavy annual bearing characteristic. Trees produce nuts which are medium sized (60-80 per lb.), somewhat round, thin shelled, easy to crack, and probably the best flavor you can find in pecans. Major should be  widely planted  in the northern pecan range. Major is a heavy early pollen producer and takes about 180 days to mature nuts. Type 1.

MANDAN  Released in 2009 by USDA,  Mandan  combines high nut quality, high yield potential, very early nut maturity, and excellent scab resistance.  Nuts are very large for a northern variety (53/lb., 62% kernel) and easily crack out full haves. Trees leaf out  late in spring and develop upright growth with strong limbs and a wind -resistant structure. Type 1 flowering, and requires  about 165 days  to ripen. Type 1.

NACONO Released by the USDA in 2000, Nacono produces a very large nut (53% kernel, 42 nuts/LB) with light color and excellent quality, has good scab resistance and branch structure, a very good producer of mid-season maturing pecans. Type 2.

PAWNEE Pawnee was released in 1984  by the  USDA. It is a precocious producer of large (50 to 60 per lb.), thin shelled nuts of high quality. This  cultivar is thought to have a high yield potential, and early nut maturity (170 days)  should contribute to regular bearing capability. Pawnee is an outstanding northern cultivar, but should be planted in open sites with good air circulation.  Type 1.

POSEY The original Posey tree grew in Posey County, Indiana. An early maturing, large sized nut at around 70 nuts per lb., Posey is also a good late pollen producer. Posey can be grown from northern Kansas across the northern Ohio River Valley, and into southeastern Pennsylvania.    Nuts require 170 days to ripen. Type 2.

YATES 68  This tree originated as a Major seedling in Ed Yates’ Chrisney, IN. pecan grove. The nut resembles a Major X Posey, but is usually larger in size than either of them. Kernel percentage is close to 60%, and the kernel cracks out easily in halves, of very high quality. Yates 68 matures in about a 180 days and is a good producer. Type 1.

YATES 127 This tree also originates in the Yates’ Chrisney, IN. pecan grove, as a Major seedling, possibly with a Posey pollen parent. The nut resembles Yates 68 in size and appearance, with a very thin shell. By clipping the ends off this nut, the entire kernel can be removed in 1 piece. The nut is 62% high quality kernel. Yates 127 is a very good producer of nuts that mature in about 170 days.  Yates 127 has Type 1 flowering but is late to leaf out in the spring and is probably self-pollinating. Type 1.

Major Pecan Seedlings:
Grown from Major pecan nuts. They are the same strain of seedling trees that we use for rootstock for grafting pecans, hicans, and some hickories. The Major variety is self-sterile, so all of the Major seedlings are crosses between Major and a different variety such as Greenriver or Posey pecan. As a result, most Major seedlings are very vigorous and have excellent scab resistance. While all seedling are in some respects different, many Major seedlings trees have desirable nuts. However, it could be ten years (about twice as long as the grafted trees) before production and actual nut characteristics wont be known before that time.
They make beautiful, long-lasting, trees that produce excellent food crops for humans and wildlife.

Seedling Prices:
2′-4′: $15.00 each or 4+: $10.00 each
4′-5′: $20.00 each or 4+: $15.00 each
5′-6′: $30:00 each or 4+: $20.00 each

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